Diseases That Affect The Skeletal System

The skeletal system of an adult is made up of 206 bones along with a network of tendons, ligaments and cartilages. There are numerous vital functions performed by a skeletal system in the body and some of the common roles of skeletal system are supporting the movement of the body, calcium storage, and production of blood cell in the body and regulation of endocrine system. There are various diseases that could disturb the internal structuring and functionality of this skeletal system, some of those common diseases are:

Arthritis: This is an inflammatory condition that affects the joints in individuals like knees and joints in the spinal column and other parts of the body. Swelling, joint pains and stiffness of the body are some of the typical and most common symptoms of arthritis. The disease affects the ability of the body to move freely from the joints. Two of the most common type of this disease is osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Bone Cancer: This is a cancer that originates within the bone and eventually weakens up the bones from inside. People with bone cancer may experience fatigue, weakness, bone fractures and bone pain. This cancer mostly affects the longer bones though any kind of bones could be affected by this cancer.

Leukaemia: It is a kind of cancer that originates from the bone marrow and eventually affects the lymphatic system. Abnormal and malfunctioning white blood cells are created in this cancer that eventually lowers down the capacity of the body to fight with the infections.

Osteoporosis: In this condition extensive loss of bone tissue occurs that leads to weakening and brittle of the bones. In the people who are affected by this disease the process of bone remodelling is affected.

Osteomalacia: This disease leads to softening and weakening of the bone tissues. This disease is caused by a very long Vitamin D deficiency in the body and in children the disease is known as Ricketts.

Spina Bifida: This is birth defect that affects the spinal cord when the baby is in the uterus. This should be treated before the baby is born but the babies who are not treated in time could be born with excess fluid accumulation in and around the brain.

Kyphosis: It is a hunched back which is called by the deformities in the upper portion of the spinal cord.

Hyperlordosis: It is called as swayback in which the lower portion of the spinal called is affected which in turn affects the lower part of the body making it to deform. This condition also caused nerves and muscle problems.

Scoliosis: This is a result of sideways curvature of the spinal column and the condition is mostly identified during the adolescent age of the patients.

Bursitis: It is the inflammation of one or more bursae in the body. These bursae are found in the body where as tendons and muscles slid across the bone. The healthy bursae make the body movement painless but in disease the inflammation makes the body movement painful and difficult.