Retinal Detachment

Amongst the most vital parts of a human eye, Retina is one such part which poses as a thin membrane of the nerve tissue which is placed at the rear portion of the eye. This disorder of Retinal Detachment is said to occur when this thin membrane gets detached or form the rear side of the eye. The light entering the eye mostly detected by the nerve cells are inside the retina and then send signals to the brain about the picture that the eyes are viewing. But due to the separation of the retina, this process does not accomplish its task successfully and hence it results in unclear and blurred vision. There are chances of severe vision loss and to avoid such extreme cases, timely medical care and attention along with effective treatment can save the vision from being lost.

Causes

Initially, a thick gel is formed and gets accumulated in the exact middle portion of the eye and later it shrinks and detaches from the retina. This thick gel is known as vitreous gel. It is one of the steps that take place in the occurring of Retinal Detachment. PVD or Posterior Vitreous Detachment, a type of displacement of the retina is a part of the normal aging process and does not cause much harm, however, it sometimes ends up tearing the retina. One of the major causes of the tearing up is associated with the strong attachment of the vitreous gel to the retina. Owing to the strong hold of the gel with retina, as the gel starts to shrink and come off is pulls of the retina badly resulting into its tearing. The fluid then begins to accumulate below the retina due to the tear and thus causes Retinal Detachment.

Other factors owing to the cause of this disorder are diabetes, severe head injury, close sightedness or any type of eye ailment.

Signs & Symptoms

Sign indicating the occurring of posterior vitreous detachment is common among people before being diagnosed with Retinal Detachment. Flashes as well as floaters are created as the vitreous gel contracts and detaches. The term floaters is used for all those spots and lines which can be seen floating around the vision field while flashes are the sparkles or lines of light that can be seen when one closes his or her eyes. Most of the times, these can be observed at the edge of the visual field. These are the major signs and symptoms whereby you must get yourself checked by your doctor ensure whether it is Retinal Detachment or not. A shadow in the middle of your vision path may also be the symbol of this disorder.

Diagnosis

One of the simple methods of diagnosing this disorder is by getting your eyes examined by the doctor. The doctor will ask you questions about your vision clarity and other medical history. A lighted magnifying tool named ophthalmoscope is used to diagnose the patient detected with this disorder.

Treatment

One of the best the only available treatment for this disorder is the surgery of the displaced retina. Immediate care is required to avoid any further damage caused. There are various types of surgeries which are performed to fix this disorder such as laser treatment or air bubbles, etc.

Prevention

There is no such specific measure through which retinal detachment can be thoroughly prevented however a regular eye examination at the doctor’s clinic is highly advisable. It is also recommended to always make use of helmets and glasses to protect any harm being caused to your eyes. Keeping diabetes in control is yet another aspect of controlling Retinal Detachment.